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Drought and climate change could turn water into gold: Jalisco
April 19, 2012
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Due to the climate of 2011, 20% of the municipalities of Jalisco are suffering from lack of water.

The State Government defends its strategies against drought and shows concern for the water to become the "gold" of the future

Participating at the World Economic Forum, the governor of Jalisco, Emilio González Márquez, acknowledged that the state already suffers the effects of climate change.

In the interactive sessions on the development of smarter cities, the governor warned that Jalisco has 12 regions divided. "The two northern regions have problems of drought, the two South had flooding problems. The rest is fine, but we are feeling the effects of climate change on the latitude that affects our country: there is drought from Jalisco to the north. "

A study by the Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock, Rural Development, Fisheries and Food (SAGARPA) states that between October 2010 and September 2011, in the northern states of the country, it recorded the lowest rainfall in 70 years.

Given this reality, Gonzalez Marquez highlighted the actions implemented to ensure that in future there is enough water for agriculture and cities of the area.

"We are building 18 dams for agricultural use and particularly for developing regions. In regard to the city, there are replacements of flow lines. Many of them are 200 or 300 more years old. They were of clay, highly degradable, which becomes a big waste of water".

He also highlighted the increase of 80% of the acres that historically had Jalisco in modern irrigation and added that he has to incorporate technology in food production processes. Protected agriculture, greenhouses, tunnels and mesh-shades.

"We have promoted this in Jalisco adapting technologies that came from Israel to Spain, from Spain to Cuba and then to Mexico, tropicalizing this technology, so that it can be applied by our people. We are now the state that has the highest number of acres under glass houses, looking to make most use of the water. "

More dams

The governor shared the concern that in the future the water will become the new "gold" of the planet and argued that it was urgent for the construction of dams to retain the liquid. "We are now building infrastructure to harness rain water, including dams, one of them is Purgatory, which will allow us to have three to four cubic meters per second in addition to what they now receive."

"In relation to water, Guadalajara has 470 years of existence, and had never treated the water used in homes. Now we are building the second treatment plant that will clean up all the water we are using. The first is completed, the second is in process. We will try to reach 12 cubic meters per second. Before this, the water would have gone to the rivers and lakes polluting obviously everything. "

Gonzalez Marquez also wants to reuse treated water for industrial and agricultural use, so said, "at the end of this Government, 100% of the water of the Guadalajara metropolitan area will be treated."

Similar picture across the country

In 2011 over one thousand 200 municipalities were affected by drought in Mexico later that year and half the country was damaged by a condition of the weather phenomenon, as it was the case of Jalisco, in some states it came to be the worst drought since 1941.

According to a study of SAGARPA, variability and climate change are a reality, as only in 2011 Mexico faced frost, floods and droughts, "the latter being of greater intensity and extent in recent years."

The document revealed that SAGARPA last year experienced the worst drought in some northern states and the center of the country since 1941, affecting 213 thousand municipalities that had drought conditions.

Of the 19 entities in which climate phenomenon was presented, that were particularly affected are Durango, Chihuahua, Coahuila, Guanajuato, Aguascalientes, San Luis Potosi, Nuevo Leon and Zacatecas.

The worst in decades

+ Wexico

According to data from the Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock, Rural Development, Fisheries and Food (SAGARPA), in 2011 the State of Jalisco experienced the worst drought of the last three decades, when 55 000 hectares of various crops were affected 532 and 11 000 livestock died (seven thousand slaughtered in 193 slaughterhouses and the rest for lack of water and food).

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